Using Pre-Processors

In Webpack, all pre-processors need to be applied with a corresponding loader. vue-loader allows you to use other Webpack loaders to process a part of a Vue component. It will automatically infer the proper loaders to use from the lang attribute of a language block.

CSS

For example, let's compile our <style> tag with SASS:

npm install sass-loader node-sass --save-dev
<style lang="sass">
  /* write sass here */
</style>

Under the hood, the text content inside the <style> tag will be first compiled by sass-loader before being passed on for further processing.

sass-loader caveat

Contrary to what its name indicates, sass-loader parses SCSS syntax by default. If you actually want to use the indented SASS syntax, you have to configure vue-loader's options for sass-loader accordingly.

{
  test: /\.vue$/,
  loader: 'vue-loader',
  options: {
    loaders: {
      scss: 'vue-style-loader!css-loader!sass-loader', // <style lang="scss">
      sass: 'vue-style-loader!css-loader!sass-loader?indentedSyntax' // <style lang="sass">
    }
  }
}

See the Advanced Loader Configuration Section for further information about how to configure vue-loader.

Loading a global settings file

A common request is to be able to load a settings file in each component without the need to explicity import it each time, e.g. to use scss variables globally throughout all components. To accomplish this:

npm install sass-resources-loader --save-dev

Then add the following webpack rule:

{
  loader: 'sass-resources-loader',
  options: {
    resources: path.resolve(__dirname, '../src/style/_variables.scss')
  }
}

As an example, if you are using vuejs-templates/webpack, modify build/util.js like so:

scss: generateLoaders('sass').concat(
  {
    loader: 'sass-resources-loader',
    options: {
      resources: path.resolve(__dirname, '../src/style/_variables.scss')
    }
  }
),

It is recommended to only include variables, mixins, etc. in this file, to prevent duplicated css in your final, compiled files.

JavaScript

All JavaScript inside Vue components are processed by babel-loader by default. But you can of course change it:

npm install coffee-loader --save-dev
<script lang="coffee">
  # Write coffeescript!
</script>

Templates

Processing templates is a little different, because most Webpack template loaders such as pug-loader return a template function instead of a compiled HTML string. Instead of using pug-loader, we can just install the original pug:

npm install pug --save-dev
<template lang="pug">
div
  h1 Hello world!
</template>

Important: If you are using vue-loader@<8.2.0, you also need to install template-html-loader.

Inline Loader Requests

You can use Webpack loader requests in the lang attribute:

<style lang="sass?outputStyle=expanded">
  /* use sass here with expanded output */
</style>

However, note this makes your Vue component Webpack-specific and not compatible with Browserify and vueify. If you intend to ship your Vue component as a reusable 3rd-party component, avoid using this syntax.

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